Spondylosis is an emergence at edges of vertebrae bodies of the osteal growths called osteophytes. The disease is also called a deforming spondylosis. Its main cause is a backbone osteochondrosis. At osteochondrosis properties of intervertebral disks (elasticity, durability) worsen, their height decreases. The thinned disk is displaced; the inflammatory reactions causing thickening of vertebrae bone tissue develop. Then there calcium salts are postponed (ossification).
Osteophytes can arise also owing to spine injuries. At partial tear of ligaments there is an inflammation and a spondylosis. Not the last role chronic fine damages at workers of physical work play, athletes. Advanced age, increased weight belongs to risk factors. Emergence of osteophytes partly stabilizes a backbone. Regional growths interfere with further shift of the deformed vertebrae.
The main symptoms of a spondylosis – the local pain giving extremities, a neck, the head (depends on localization of a spondylosis); decrease of mobility of a backbone; reflex strain of muscles.
In hard cases osteal growths grow together among themselves, leading to a perfect immovability of a backbone. It is followed by a strong strain of muscles, intensifying of pain.
Illness arises in a neck or a loin more often, and is usually limited to limits of 1-3 vertebrae. On x-ray films osteophytes are well visible. Spondylosis is an irreversible disease.
Conservative treatment of a spondylosis is referred on elimination of pain, putting off of an inflammation, expansion of movements in a backbone, activation of a local metabolism. The physiotherapy, massage, physiotherapy exercises are useful.