Neuralgia is a pain which extends along a nervous fiber. Intercostal nerves come from spinal roots of thoracic department. At their structure there are sensitive and motive fibers. Intercostal nerves go in the bottom of each rib to intercostal muscles, diaphragm, and musculation of abdominal wall.
Intercostal neuralgia develops more often as a complication of osteochondrosis at disk hernia.
The leading symptom of intercostal neuralgia is pain. Pain may be persistent, aching or sharp, attack-like. Often it extends to heart, breast bone, under scapula. Therefore stenocardia is quite often mistakenly diagnosed. Intercostal neuralgia becomes more intensive at full inspiration, at change of body position, pressing on breast.
Pain causes a stress and can cause rising of arterial pressure, stenocardia attack, arrhythmia. Pain becomes more intensive at action of provocative factors – frigorisms, stress, physical activity, long stay in one posture.
Time pain becomes more intensive at respiration, the patient spares his thorax, doesn’t take deep breaths. It leads to lung congestion. There is a tussis and pain becomes more intensive.
Muscles of back are strained; there is erubescence and unpleasant feelings along the nerve: numbness, burning sensation, cold. Owing to constant pain patient cannot sleep and perform work.
Medicines kill pain at intercostal neuralgia. Use anti-inflammation drugs: tablets, injections and ointments.
Blockade with novocaine or other local anesthetic gives good effect. Anesthesia comes quickly, but has a short-term effect.