Poorly expressed pain in kidneys, the aching or pulling character, can be the first symptom of dangerous disease – glomerulonephritis. Inflamed is the main substance of kidney, where e blood is filtered and urine is formed then flowing down into pelvis through canaliculus. The filtration occurs in choroid glomus.
Own immune system after infection attacks kidney tissue having on the surface the protein molecules similar to sites of cellular wall of bacteria. Glomerulonephritis is an immune inflammation of malpighian tufts. It affects two kidneys at once, may be acute and chronic.
The angina, scarlet fever can provoke the disease. Malaria, rubella and measles seldom become the cause. Frigorism plays a large role. In 1-3 weeks headaches and backache begin, temperature increases, arterial pressure grows. Because of weakening of a renal filtration removal of liquid worsens and there are edemas. The amount of urine is decreased, it has a color of meat slops.
At a chronic glomerulonephritis arterial pressure persistently increases. Edemas are more expressed in the mornings. There is high protein content in urine. Sometimes the amount of daily urine strongly decreases.
The glomerulonephritis is dangerous because without treatment the renal failure progresses, the patient cannot manage without hemodialysis or renal transplantation. Hypertonia leads to infarct or stroke. Organism poisoning with not removed waste products affects brain.
In acute phase glomerulonephritis is treated at a hospital. Quantity of salt in foodstuff should be limited, steroid hormones and anti-inflammation medicines are prescribed. In severe cases cytostatic is applied. Diuretic and hypotensive medicines are used symptomatic.